I. Local Interactions Determine Collective Behavior
II. The Evolution of Collective Behavior
Part I: Local Interactions Determine Collective Behavior
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Examples of collective behaviors are all around us: in the movement of flocks of birds, the neural networks that produce perception and memory, and in engineered computer networks. Collective behavior operates without any central control; instead, behavior is regulated via networks of local interactions. In Part 1, Dr. Gordon explains that an ant colony is an excellent example of collective behavior since local interactions between individual ants determine the behavior of the whole colony. Studying harvester ants, Gordon investigates how, without any direction or instructions, colonies adjust the number of ants engaged in each colony task, in response to a changing environment and the needs of the colony. This “task allocation” is regulated by interactions, such as brief antennal contacts, among individual ants.
Harvester ants live in the desert so they face an ongoing challenge of conserving water. Colonies must spend water to get water: foragers lose water searching for seeds in the hot sun, but obtain water by metabolizing water from the fats in the seeds. In Part 2 of her talk, Gordon explains how colonies use interactions between returning and outgoing foragers to regulate the current level of foraging activity. A long-term study of a population of colonies made it possible to learn how a colony’s reproductive success, in generating offspring colonies, depends on how it regulates foraging activity to conserve water.
Deborah M. Gordon received a B.A. in French from Oberlin College, a M.S. in Biology from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in Zoology from Duke University. Following receipt of her Ph.D., Gordon was a Junior Fellow of the Harvard Society of Fellows and a Research Fellow at the University of Oxford and Imperial College before joining the faculty at Stanford University in 1991.
Currently, Gordon is a Professor of Biology at Stanford University. Her lab studies the evolution of collective behavior using ant colonies as a model. She studies how ant colonies regulate their behavior in response to environmental changes, and how collective behavior is related to ecology, in the desert, in ant-plant interactions in tropical forests, and in the spread of the invasive Argentine ant in northern California. She is also a partner in the “Ants in Space” project designed to learn more about how ants search, information that may be useful in designing search algorithms for groups of robots. Gordon was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship, and has received several awards for her teaching. Learn more on Dr. Gordon’s labpage at http://web.stanford.edu/~dmgordon/index.html
- Hopi Hoekstra iBioSeminar: Introduction
- Scott Edward iBioSeminar: Gene Trees and Phylogeography
- Deborah Gordon 2014 TED talk: The Emergent Genius of Ant Colonies
D. M. Gordon. 2010. Ant Encounters: Interaction Networks and Colony Behavior. Princeton University Press.
D. M. Gordon. 1999. Ants at Work: how an insect society is organized. Free Press, Simon and Schuster. 2000 paperback, W. W. Norton.
2014. Gordon, D.M. The ecology of collective behavior. PloS Biology DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001805
2013. Gordon, D.M. The rewards of restraint in the collective regulation of foraging by harvester ant colonies. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature12137
2013. Ingram, K.K., Pilko A., Heer J., and D.M. Gordon. Colony life history and lifetime reproductive success of red harvester ant colonies. Journal of Animal Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12036
2013. Pinter-Wollman, N., Bala A., Merrell A., Queirolo J., Stumpe M.C., Holmes S., D. M. Gordon. Harvester ants use interactions to regulate forager activation and availability. Animal Behaviour 86(1):197-207
2013. Gordon, D.M., Dektar, K.N., Pinter-Wollman, N. Harvester ant colony variation in foraging activity and response to humidity. PLoS ONE 8(5): e63363. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063363
2013. Greene, M.J., Pinter-Wollman, N., and D.M. Gordon. Interactions with combined chemical cues inform harvester ant foragers' decisions to leave the nest in search of food. PLoS ONE 8(1):e52219. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052219
2012. Prabhakar, B., Dektar, K.N., and D.M. Gordon. The regulation of ant colony foraging activity without spatial information. PLoS Computational Biology 8(8):e1002670. DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002670